Nanodiamons scales 4-5 nanometer/diamond. Most prominent application of nano diamond is to treat cancer patient.
First a group of diamonds is assembled and then is coated with cancer killing drugs. Then it is studded with protein receptor.
Once nano diamonds enters blood streams it skips over the healthy tissue until they find the cancer cells. the Y shape proteins on nano diamonds fits more effectively with triangular shape in cancer cell. Diamond then taken into cancer cells by tumor itself and the drug released. This destroys cancer cells.
>>Reduce Deadly Side Effect
Traditional ways to treat cancer patient is to use chemotherapy .that uses radiation to kill cancer cells. The main problem is it doesn't distinguished between healthy and cancer tissue. Nanodiamond dramatically reduces the side effect.